Burkina Faso


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The 2013 RGI did not include Burkina Faso. This assessment of the mining sector was conducted in 2014 by the Réseau Africain des Journalistes pour l’Intégrité et la Transparence (RAJIT) using the same 2013 RGI methodology. The rankings represent estimates of how Burkina Faso might have fared vis-à-vis the countries that were assessed in 2013.


Burkina Faso is the fourth largest gold producer in sub-Saharan Africa, behind South Africa, Ghana and Mali. Gold reserves are estimated at more than 800 tons, and gold accounts for the largest source of government revenue. Between 2009 and 2012, gold represented 26 percent of gross domestic product and 45 percent of exports.

Burkina Faso’s Performance on the RGI

Burkina Faso received a “partial” score of 54 out of 100, ranking 23rd out of 59 countries. A high score on the Institutional and Legal Setting component contrasted with poor Reporting Practices.
Rank
(out of 59)
Score
(out of 100)
23 Composite Score 54
9 Institutional & Legal Setting 81
Freedom of information law 0
Comprehensive sector legislation 100
EITI participation 100
Independent licensing process 100
Environmental and social impact assessments required 50
Clarity in revenue collection 100
Comprehensive public sector balance 100
SOC financial reports required N/A
Fund rules defined in law N/A
Subnational transfer rules defined in law 100
35 Reporting Practices 44
Licensing process 50
Contracts 0
Environmental and social impact assessments 50
Exploration data 33
Production volumes 33
Production value 22
Primary sources of revenue 33
Secondary sources of revenue 20
Subsidies 33
Operating company names 33
Comprehensive SOC reports N/A
SOC production data N/A
SOC revenue data N/A
SOC quasi fiscal activities N/A
SOC board of directors N/A
Fund rules N/A
Comprehensive fund reports N/A
Subnational transfer rules 100
Comprehensive subnational transfer reports 67
Subnational reporting of transfers 100
21 Safeguards & Quality Controls 65
Checks on licensing process 78
Checks on budgetary process 78
Quality of government reports 33
Government disclosure of conflicts of interest 100
Quality of SOC reports N/A
SOC reports audited N/A
SOC use of international accounting standards N/A
SOC disclosure of conflicts of interest N/A
Quality of fund reports N/A
Fund reports audited N/A
Government follows fund rules N/A
Checks on fund spending N/A
Fund disclosure of conflicts of interest N/A
Quality of subnational transfer reports 0
Government follows subnational transfer rules 100
32 Enabling Environment 35
Corruption (TI Corruption Perceptions Index & WGI control of corruption) 46
Open Budget (IBP Index) 27
Accountability & democracy (EIU Democracy Index & WGI voice and accountability) 31
Government effectiveness (WGI) 30
Rule of law (WGI) 42
Satisfactory Weak
Partial Failing
To explore all data and compare
scores, use the RGI Data Tool.

Institutional and Legal Setting (Rank: 9th/59; Score: 81/100) learn more

Burkina Faso's comprehensive mining legislation, independent licensing process and compliance with the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) since February 2013 earned it a "satisfactory" score of 81.

The 2003 Mining Code clearly defines the licensing process and revenue collection. The Ministry of Mines grants licenses on a first-come, first-served basis and the Ministry of Economy and Finance collects all mining payments.

The Constitution guarantees access to information, but this right is limited in the mining sector. Social impact assessments of mining projects are not governed by a specific text.

Reporting Practices (Rank: 35th/59, Score: 44/100) learn more

Burkina Faso provides limited information on the mining sector, resulting in a "weak" score of 44.

Mining contracts are not published. Model conventions are available on the Ministry of Mines' website, but their content is not published once signed. Environmental impact assessments are mandatory, and mining companies organize public consultations before any license allocation. Outside aggregated information in the finance law, the Ministries of Finance and of Mines do not publish any information on the mining sector. Only the Central Bank publishes gold production volumes between 2009 and 2012.

The 2013 EITI report, which covers the 2011 fiscal year, includes the most comprehensive information on the sector (although outdated). The report includes information on reserves, production volumes, prices, value of exports, names of operating companies, and on different revenue streams such as royalties, acreage fees and dividends.

Safeguards and Quality Controls (Rank: 21st/59; Score: 65/100) learn more

The "partial" score of 65 reflects some legislation against conflicts of interest. However, in practice, very few government officials with a role in the oversight of the mining sector disclose information about their participation in extractive projects. Burkinabe authorities have nonetheless expressed their commitment during the 2013 G8 to publishing beneficial ownership of mining industries.

The Audit Court publishes annual reports on public finances but does not conduct specific audits of the mining sector. Parliament does not receive regular reports on the award of contracts and licenses in the mining sector.

Enabling Environment (Rank: 32nd/ 59; Score: 35/100) learn more

Burkina Faso performed particularly poorly on rankings of budget transparency, government accountability and effectiveness, earning a "failing" grade of 35.

Subnational Transfers (Rank: 10th/31; Score: 35/100) learn more

According to the Mining Code, 20 percent of acreage fees should be redistributed to the province where the mine is exploited. Subnational authorities do not collect any direct tax or fees. The Treasury writes reports about transfers to local authorities, but these reports are not published.

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