Niger

Transparency Snapshot

Recent legal reforms have brought formal requirements for transparency in the extractives sector, with provisions for contract and revenue disclosure and directives on revenue management, some of which were enshrined in the 2010 Constitution. Despite legal provisions, access to information and clear accountability remain challenging in practice.

In February 2011, the then transitional government approved a Charter on Access to Public Information and Administrative Documents, which aimed to improve transparency and the public's access to information. A separate Freedom of Information law is yet to be passed.
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Extractive Industries

In 2012 Niger was both the world's fourth-largest uranium producer and next to last in the UN’s Human Development Index. The West African sahelian country also has industrial-scale mining for gold, coal and salt. Oil production began in November 2011. Extractives accounted for 70 percent of the country’s exports in 2010 but only 5.8 percent of the national economy. According to EITI figures for 2010, government received $140 million from extractives companies, representing just under 10 percent of total revenues. New projects currently in development will increase the economic importance of the sector.
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