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Morocco is the world's largest phosphate exporter and holds three-quarters of global phosphate reserves. Other natural resources include copper and silver, and the extractive sector as a whole accounted for 13 percent of total exports in 2010. Given the prominence of phosphates and the specificity of the industry's legal framework, the RGI has limited its assessment to the phosphate sector.

Morocco's Performance on the Resource Governance Index

Morocco received a "partial" score of 53, ranking 25th out of 58 countries. Morocco received mediocre scores on all components, demonstrating an overall lack of effective resource governance.

(out of 58)
(out of 100)
25 Composite Score 53
45 Institutional & Legal Setting 48
Freedom of information law 33
Comprehensive sector legislation 67
EITI participation 0
Independent licensing process N/A
Environmental and social impact assessments required 50
Clarity in revenue collection 67
Comprehensive public sector balance 17
SOC financial reports required 100
Fund rules defined in law N/A
Subnational transfer rules defined in law N/A
19 Reporting Practices 60
Licensing process N/A
Contracts 0
Environmental and social impact assessments 0
Exploration data 50
Production volumes 100
Production value 100
Primary sources of revenue 100
Secondary sources of revenue 0
Subsidies 0
Operating company names N/A
Comprehensive SOC reports 100
SOC production data 86
SOC revenue data 50
SOC quasi fiscal activities 100
SOC board of directors 100
Fund rules N/A
Comprehensive fund reports N/A
Subnational transfer rules N/A
Comprehensive subnational transfer reports N/A
Subnational reporting of transfers N/A
28 Safeguards & Quality Controls 56
Checks on licensing process 33
Checks on budgetary process 44
Quality of government reports 56
Government disclosure of conflicts of interest 100
Quality of SOC reports 50
SOC reports audited 67
SOC use of international accounting standards 100
SOC disclosure of conflicts of interest 0
Quality of fund reports N/A
Fund reports audited N/A
Government follows fund rules N/A
Checks on fund spending N/A
Fund disclosure of conflicts of interest N/A
Quality of subnational transfer reports N/A
Government follows subnational transfer rules N/A
23 Enabling Environment 42
Corruption (TI Corruption Perceptions Index & WGI control of corruption) 55
Open Budget (IBP Index) 28
Accountability & democracy (EIU Democracy Index & WGI voice and accountability) 30
Government effectiveness (WGI) 49
Rule of law (WGI) 50
Satisfactory Weak
Partial Failing
To explore all data and compare
scores, use the RGI Data Tool.

Institutional & Legal Setting (Rank: 45th/58, Score: 48/100) learn more

Morocco's "weak" score of 48 is due to an incomplete regulatory framework and insufficient disclosure policies.

Morocco grants licenses to foreign extractive companies in other sectors, but the Office Cherifien des Phosphates Group (OCP), a state-owned company, has a monopoly of the phosphates industry and holds all mining rights.

The government publishes mining legislation online. The 2011 Constitution affirms the right to access information but there is no freedom of information act. Environmental impact assessments are required before a project can begin, but are not usually published.

The Energy and Mines Ministry regulates the phosphate industry. The Finance Ministry collects taxes and dividends from OCP. However, OCP's financial balance is not consolidated with the public sector balance, and revenues allocated for social projects are not deposited in the treasury.

Reporting Practices (Rank: 19th/58, Score: 60/100) learn more

Morocco provides comprehensive data on some revenue indicators, but no information on others, leading to a "partial" score of 60.

The Finance Ministry publishes annual reports with information on production volumes, prices, the value of resource exports, estimates of investment in exploration and development, production costs, production data by block, and production stream values, but data on dividends are not disaggregated by sector. The Energy and Mines Ministry publishes similar information, but does not include prices or dividends. The central bank publishes some aggregated figures on the phosphates sector.

Safeguards & Quality Controls (Rank: 28th/58, Score: 56/100) learn more

Morocco received a "partial" score of 56, the product of poor government oversight despite attempts to improve accountability.

The National Audit Office is legally required to examine OCP's accounts, but has never done so. The office does publish audits of ministries' financial statements and reports annually to parliament, although there is no specific legislative committee that scrutinizes resource revenues. The new Constitution and the 2012 Code for Good Governance Practices of State Enterprises require that an independent external auditor reviews state-owned companies.

Enabling Environment (Rank: 23rd/58, Score: 42/100) learn more

Morocco received a "weak" score of 42, reflecting poor performance on measurements of budgetary openness, democracy, and accountability.

State-Owned Companies (Rank: 12th/45, Score: 75/100) learn more

OCP is entirely government-owned. It publishes comprehensive reports on its operations and subsidiaries, including data on phosphate production volumes, prices, the value of exports, estimates of investment in exploration and development, production costs and quasi-fiscal activities. Information on taxes is not disaggregated and it is not possible to reconcile the OCP's figures with those published by the Finance Ministry.

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