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Disclosing contracts and licenses is one of the most important steps that EITI implementing countries can take to promote more effective management of their extractive resources

Natural resource revenue sharing will undoubtedly be on the table in the upcoming discussions on federalism in Myanmar. This paper outlines the current state of fiscal decentralization, describes the size and location of extractive activities, and shares good practices for resource revenue distribution, drawing on international experiences.

As Myanmar seeks to build more modern and open oil, gas and mining industries, the state-owned economic enterprises (SEEs) active in these sectors will play a critical role. Enhancing the effectiveness of these SEEs will be an important goal of Myanmar’s continued economic reform as the country embarks upon its post-election transition.

This country strategy note summarizes an NRGI analysis of country context and reform priorities. It also outlines NRGI’s engagement in Ghana, complementing the work of other actors. Developments will naturally affect the assessments and objectives described herein. Updates to this synopsis may be made as events require.

This country strategy note summarizes an NRGI analysis of country context and reform priorities. It also outlines NRGI’s engagement in Tanzania, complementing the work of other actors. Developments will naturally affect the assessments and objectives described herein. Updates to this synopsis may be made as events require.

This country strategy note summarizes an NRGI analysis of country context and reform priorities. It also outlines NRGI’s engagement in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), complementing the work of other actors. Developments will naturally affect the assessments and objectives described herein. Updates to this synopsis may be made as events require.

This country strategy note summarizes an NRGI analysis of country context and reform priorities. It also outlines NRGI’s engagement in Mongolia, complementing the work of other actors. Developments will naturally affect the assessments and objectives described herein. Updates to this synopsis may be made as events require.

This briefing note is an effort to help frame the main tradeoffs and assess four potential funding models for the newly created national oil company of Uganda. It is based on NRGI’s international experience and understanding of the local context.

To contribute current thinking about the risks and opportunities presented by the current commodities downturn, NRGI gathered more than 180 experts for two days of discussion at St. Catherine’s College, Oxford, in June 2015. This conference summary paper addresses key questions and assays some answers.

Commodity trading and the activities of trading companies influence economic and governance outcomes in developing countries. As a hub for such trading, Switzerland could take actions to vastly improve transparency in the sub-sector.

In an article for Finance & Development, NRGI president Daniel Kaufmann outlines the contours of Latin America’s wide, encompassing networks of corruption. He writes that corruption often involves a network of politicians, organizations, companies, and private individuals colluding to “capture” benefits from access to power, public resources, and policymaking, at the expense of the public good. Kaufmann suggests an alternative view of corruption—“the privatization of public policy.”

This briefing explores options open to countries for collecting, publishing and using information on the beneficial owners of oil, gas and mining companies. It provides background on how beneficial ownership works in the extractive industries and why it matters.

The first in-depth, independent analysis of how Nigeria’s NNPC sells its oil: how oil sale practices have worsened since 2010, why Nigeria’s government should pursue two tracks of reform, and annexes on oil-for-fuel swaps, government-to-government sales, and the troubled domestic crude allocation...

Under its new Standard, the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) was expanded from a forum for reconciling extractive resource revenues, to a broader instrument for the disclosure of information across the entire extractive industry decision chain...

While the Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative has successfully increased transparency in the extractive sector over the last ten years, data from its reports are often underutilized by global and in-country actors. If this challenge is overcome, EITI reports could inform much more to policymaking and public debate, and thereby contribute to better governance and accountability in the oil, gas and mining sector.

The Yale Center for the Study of Globalization has published a new e-book, Africa at a Fork in the Road NRGI’s Daniel Kaufmann contributed a chapter entitled “Evidence-based Reflections on Natural Resource Governance and Corruption in Africa,” a comparative empirical exploration of governance in Africa, with a focus on managing natural resources such as hydrocarbons and minerals.

NRGI has created a series of short, illustrated overviews of key topics in NRGI's portfolio of work. Together they serve as a robust introduction for the lay reader to fundamental issues and concepts in resource governance.

Some state-owned enterprises have been effective vehicles for state policy. Others have fostered inefficiency, revenue shortfalls and corruption...

The Extractives Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) seeks to improve transparency and accountability in the oil, gas and mining sectors. In countries participating in EITI, oil, gas and mining companies must publish what they pay to governments, and governments must publish what they receive...

State participation in oil, gas and mining is often exercised through state-owned enterprises (SOEs), whereby governments take a direct ownership stake in oil, mineral or gas ventures, either as the sole commercial entity or in partnership with private companies...

Extractive contracts are principal documents between a government and a company that details the terms and conditions under which a resource is exploited. While many jurisdictions have not traditionally made their oil, gas and mineral contracts available to the public, more recent developments show that contract disclosure is feasible and desirable for a wide range of countries...

Oil, gas and mineral resources are distinctly different from other sources of government income. Only through good macroeconomic policy and public financial management can a country take full advantage of natural resources...

A fiscal regime is the set of instruments (e.g., taxes, royalties, dividends) that determines how the often-vast sums of funds generated by oil, gas and mining projects are shared between the state and investors...